The comparative law was first introduced in the world by Montesquieu. Legal scholars became very interested in studying comparative laws in depth after its introduction. Comparative law is referred as the study of comparisons and disparities that exist amidst laws of the different nation in the world. It encompasses the learning of the world’s various legal systems. Comparative law has brought significant changes in the manner that issues such as internationalism, democratization and, economic globalization are handled. Comparative law involves the learning of legal systems including Islamic law, Chinese law, Canon law, Civil law, Socialist law, Common law, Hindu law, and Jewish law.
The introduction of the modern comparative law is attributed to Sir Henry Maine. The legal scholar studied comparative law and changed it to suit the modern legal systems. He saw that the traditional comparative law did not apply well in the contemporary world. Sir Henry began teaching comparative law at the University of Oxford when it was first introduced as a unit in 1869. He was best suited for the position since he had a deeper understanding of the law. The University of Oxford is termed as the first ever university to embrace comparative law and introduce it as a subject in its law department. The primary purpose of the comparative law is to make the existing legal systems to become perfect. The comparative law also gives contributions in the amalgamation of legal systems. It also helps citizens to understand the legal system governing them.
Sujit Choudhry is the current founder of the Center for Constitutional Transitions. He also serves as its Faculty Director. Sujit has a reputation for being a skilled legal scholar for comparative constitutional development and law. Sujit serves on the editorial board of the Constitutional Court Review. He is also a member of the board of editors of the International Journal of Constitutional law. Sujit is a committee member of the International Society of Public Law where he offers his insights on matters of law. Sujit once worked as a consultant at the World Bank Institute. He is an author of more than 70 published articles and reports on comparative law and other topics. Sujit was announced as the “Practitioner of the Year” by the South Asian Bar Association in 2011. Sujit is committed to ensuring that people understand the comparative law and that it is well implemented. He also offers his advice on issues concerning comparative law.